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In the summer, continental air masses have produced record maximum temperatures from 32 °C (90 °F) in the mountains to over 40 °C (104 °F) in southeastern Alberta.
Alberta extends for over 1,200 km (750 mi) from north to south; its climate, therefore, varies considerably.
The northerly location and isolation from the weather systems of the Pacific Ocean cause Alberta to have a dry climate with little moderation from the ocean.
Annual precipitation ranges from 300 mm (12 in) in the southeast to 450 mm (18 in) in the north, except in the foothills of the Rocky Mountains where total precipitation including snowfall can reach 600 mm (24 in) annually.
Average high temperatures in January range from 0 °C (32 °F) in the southwest to −24 °C (−11 °F) in the far north.
Lake Louise and Mount Alberta were also named in her honour.
The northern and western parts of the province experience higher rainfall and lower evaporation rates caused by cooler summer temperatures.
The south and east-central portions are prone to drought-like conditions sometimes persisting for several years, although even these areas can receive heavy precipitation, sometimes resulting in flooding.
The region, with its proximity to Canada's largest oil fields, has most of western Canada's oil refinery capacity.
Calgary is located approximately 280 km (170 mi) south of Edmonton and 240 km (150 mi) north of Montana, surrounded by extensive ranching country.